Emeritus/Emerita Faculty

Emeritus/Emerita Faculty

Mark Ashcraft Kathy McNamara
Brian Blake Richard Rakos
Stephen Coleman Stephen Slane
Leslie Fisher Benjamin Wallace
David Grilly  

Mark Ashcraft

Dr. Mark H. Ashcraft joined the CSU Psychology faculty in 1975 as an Assistant Professor and became Chair of the Department in 1999. He remained in the Department until 2005, when he retired and moved to the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, to become Chair of that Psychology Department. He was named Professor Emeritus at CSU and UNLV upon retirement. He is remembered especially for his textbook on cognitive psychology and his research on math cognition.

Brian Blake

Professor Emeritus   
Department of Psychology

Areas of Interest/Specialization:
Consumer Psychology, Research Design, Statistical Analysis, Social Psychology

Ph.D., Social Psychology, Purdue University, 1969
M.A., Consumer Psychology, Purdue University, 1966
B.A., Sociology and Psychology, St. Peter’s University (NJ), 1964

Academic and Professional Experience :

Academic Positions:

  • 1969-1973:  St John’s University (NY):
    Assistant and Associate Professor of Psychology, tenured 1972
  • 1973-1981:  Purdue University:     
    Assistant, Associate, and Professor of Psychological Science and Agricultural Economics (Community Development), tenured 1976
  • 1981-2013:  Cleveland State University:
    Professor of Psychology, tenured 1981
  • Co-Founder and Director of the Master’s level Consumer-Industrial Research Program (CIRP) 1983-2006      
  • 2013-present:  Cleveland State University:
    Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology      

Professional Positions (Since 1981):

Co-Founder and Partner of Tactical Decisions Group (TDG), a Cleveland based market research corporation with local and national clients that grew to million-dollar status in fairly short order.  Years later, TDG merged with a comparable sized firm focusing on political and civic research to form Triad Research Group.  Partner and Chairperson of the Board of Triad for several years, he subsequently concluded that he preferred academia and independent consultation. He sold his corporate stock and resigned Triad.  Still later yet, he was Senior Consultant in launching Action Based Research (ABR), a highly regarded market research firm doing specialized custom research for a wide variety of local, state, and national clients.  By his design, each of the three corporations provided a wide range of internships, part-time employment, and, upon graduation, full time professional positions for CIRP students.  

Research Interests (Since CSU retirement in 2013):

The first of two related foci is the adoption of innovations, with emphasis upon the form of adoption and the role of consumer innovativeness in the domain of online shopping vehicles.  This thrust springs from previous preliminary research on the impact of Domain Specific Innovativeness (Blake, Neuendorf, & Valdiserri, 2003, 2005), on the aspect of adoption in question (Blake, Valdiserri, Neuendorf, & Valdiserri, 2006), and on pertinent research confounds (Blake, Valdiserri, & Neuendorf, 2006).  Currently being developed are: a) a new conceptual definition and measure of innovativeness, “Generalized Domain Innovativeness” (Blake, Neuendorf, Given, LaRosa, Horvath, & Brandt, 2019); b) a new construct/measure of adoption, “consumer reliance” (Blake, LaRosa, Neuendorf, Yang, Hudzinski, & Zhou, 2018); and c) identification of the structure of the innovation domain (Blake, LaRosa, Yang, Skalski, Neuendorf, & Wu, 2013).  

The second focus is the development/extension of the previously proposed (Blake, Hamilton, Neuendorf, & Murcko, 2010; Blake, Murcko, Allen, Neuendorf, & Wilson, 2009; Blake & Neuendorf, 2004; Blake, Shamatta, Neuendorf, & Hamilton, 2009) “Preference Component Perspective.” This theoretical-methodological model was initially devised to assess the nature of national differences in stimulus preferences.  The model integrates:

  • numerical characterizations of overt preference responses as assessed via normative, ipsative, and quasi-ipsative measurement
  • revealed dimensions, both valid and artifactual, underlying the overt preference choices
  • correction of the overt and of the dimensional scores and the specific consequences of these adjustments for quantitative cross-cultural comparisons. 

To date, research on the Perspective has concentrated on preferences for features of online shopping websites. The model is currently being extended to cross-stimulus domain and cross-communication vehicle differences in the “Feature Appeal Generalization Perspective” (Blake, Given, Neuendorf, & Horvath, 2017).  Detailed explication of the complete Perspective and validation studies of model assumptions are in preparation.  

Research (Cited Above)

  • Blake, B. F., Neuendorf, K. A., Given, S., LaRosa, R., Horvath, M., & Brandt, E. (2019, November). Individual innovativeness revisited and reconfigured: Generalized Domain Innovativeness. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.
  • Blake, B. F., LaRosa, R. J., Neuendorf, K. A., Yang, L., Hudzinski, K., & Zhou, W. (2018), Reliance on e-shopping vehicles: conceptualization, measurement, and cross-national market differences. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 30 (2), 70-84, DOI: 10.1080/08961530.2017.1381870 
  • Blake, B. F., Neuendorf, K. A., LaRosa, R., Yang, L., Hudzinski, K., & Yanying, H. (2017).  E-shopping patterns of Chinese and US Millennials, Journal of Internet Commerce, 16(1), 53-79.
  • Blake, B. F., Given, S., Neuendorf, K. A., & Horvath, M. (2017), Generalizing the appeal of B2C site features across domains, Internet Research, 27 (4), 1-23, DOI 10.1108/IntR-02-2016-0052
  • Blake, B.F., LaRosa, R., Yang, L., Skalski, P., Neuendorf, K.A., & Wu, M. (2013). What constitutes consumer “e-shopping”? Behaviors and vehicles in the US and China.  National Social Science Technology Journal, 3 (1).
  • Blake, B.F., Hamilton, R. L, Neuendorf, K.A., & Murcko, R. (2010). Individuals’ preference orientations toward facets of Internet shopping sites:  A conceptual and measurement model. National Social Science Journal33 (2), 11-20.  
  • Blake, B.F., Shamatta, C., Neuendorf, K.A., & Hamilton, R. (2009).  Cross-national comparison of website feature preferences: A practical approach.  International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising, 5(3), 147-165.
  • Blake, B.F., Murcko, R., Allen, M., Neuendorf, K.A., & Wilson, A. (April, 2009).  Adjustment for demographics in cross-cultural comparisons: Conceptual considerations.  Paper presented at the National Technology and Social Science Conference, Las Vegas NV.
  • Blake, B.F., Valdiserri, J., & Neuendorf, K.A. (2006).  Validation of the SDS-17 measure of social desirability in the American context.  Personality and Individual Differences,40, 1625-1638.
  • Blake, B.F., Valdiserri, C.M., Neuendorf, K.A., & Valdiserri, J. (2006).  The Online Shopping Profile in the cross-national context.  Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 19(3), 23-51.
  • Blake, B. F., Neuendorf, K. A., & Valdiserri, C. M. (2005).  Tailoring new websites to appeal to those most likely to shop online.  Technovation, 25, 1205-1215.
  • Blake, B. F., Neuendorf, K. A., & Valdiserri, C. M. (2003).  Innovativeness and variety of Internet shopping.  Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 13(3), 156-169.

Stephen Coleman

Leslie Fisher

David Grilly

Kathy McNamara

kathymcnamara.jpgDr. McNamara retired from Cleveland State University in July 2021, having served as an Assistant Professor of Psychology (1994-2001), Associate Professor of Psychology (2001-2008), and Professor of Psychology (2008-2021). From 2010 to 2016, she served as the Chairperson of the Department of Psychology, and, from 2016 until her retirement, she served as the Associate Dean of the College of Sciences and Health Professions. Dr. McNamara held leadership roles in – and received distinguished service awards from –the Ohio School Psychologists Association and the National Association of School Psychologists. As Director of the nationally accredited School Psychology program at CSU (1995-2010), she successfully petitioned the Chancellor of the Ohio Department of Higher Education/Board of Regents for authorization to award the Psychology Specialist (Psy.S.) degree (in addition to the M.A. degree) to program graduates. Dr. McNamara served on numerous committees and task forces at the department, college, and university levels over the course of her career at CSU, and received the Distinguished Teaching Award from the Department of Psychology in 2020.

Dr. McNamara received her PhD from Kent State University in 1985, and obtained her Psychologist license (now Retired/Inactive) from the Ohio State Board of Psychology. Her research addresses professional issues in school psychology, and multi-tiered and comprehensive school-based services, including a seminal coauthored publication in The School Psychology Review examining the fidelity of academic and behavioral problem-solving activity in Ohio’s schools, funded with a $300k grant from the Ohio Department of Education. She has consulted with numerous school districts and has trained educators at local, state, and national levels in tiered instruction and service delivery.

Richard Rakos

Professor Emeritus
Department of Psychology

Areas of Interest/Specialization:
Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Behavior Analysis 

Research interests: 
Behavior analysis applied to promoting social change


B.A., SUNY at Stony Brook, 1972 - Psychology
M.A., Kent State University, 1975 - Clinical Psychology
Ph.D. Kent State University, 1978 - Clinical Psychology

Positions Held at Cleveland State University:

  • Faculty in Department of Psychology (1978 – 2016)
  • Chair, Department of Psychology (1995 - 1998) 
  • Associate Dean for Faculty and Program Development, College of Arts and Sciences (1999-2004)
  • Acting Associate Dean, College of Graduate Studies, (August – December 2004)    
  • University Ombudsperson (January 2006 – May 2009; March 2010 – November 2010)
  • Associate Dean for Faculty and New Program Development, College of Sciences and Health Professions (July 1, 2010 – January 31, 2016) 

Recent Publications:

  • Switzer, K. and Rakos, R. F. (2022). A Behavioral Community Psychology framework for analyzing housing stability for homeless families: Modifying the Rapid Re-Housing metacontingency. Behavior and Social Issues.

  • Alavosius, M. P., Gelino, B. W. & Rakos, R. F. (2022). Culturo-behavior science practicum: Analyses and intervention in multi-level contexts. Behavior and Social Issues.

  • Watson-Thompson, J., Rakos, R.F. & Anderson-Carpenter, K. (2021). An Editorial on      Revitalizing Behavioral community psychology: Where do we go from here? Behavior and Social Issues, 30(1), 514-524.

  • Rakos, R. F. and Switzer, K. (2021). Culturo-Behavior Science: Now is the time to focus on US immigration policy. Behavior and Social Issues, 30(1), 148-169.

  • Ardila Sánchez, J.G., Cihon, T. M., Malott, M. E.,Mattaini, M.A., Rakos, R.F., Rehfeldt, R.A., Richling, S. M., Roose, K. M., Seniuk, H. A., & Watson-Thompson, J. (2020). Collective editorial: Ten guidelines for strategic social action. Behavior and Social Issues, 29, 15–30. DOI:

  • Ardila Sanchez, J. G., Richling, S. M., Benson, M. L., & Rakos, R. F. (2020). Activism, advocacy, and accompaniment. In M. A. Mattaini & T. M. Cihon (Eds.). Behavior science perspectives on culture and community (pp. 413-436). New York: Springer.

  • Rakos, R. F. (2019). Asserting and confronting. In O. Hargie (Ed.). The handbook of communication skills (4th Ed., pp. 339-376). London: Routledge.

  • Luke, M. M., Roose, K. Rakos, R.F., & Mattaini, M. A. (2017).  The history and current status ofbehavior and social issues: 1978-2016. Behavior and Social Issues, 26 111-127.  doi: 10.5210/bsi.v.26i0.7728 111.

Stephen Slane

Professor Emeritus
Department of Psychology

Areas of Interest/Specialization:
Social Psychology, Statistics, Research Design

Research interests: 
Time perception and behavior


  • University of Nebraska – Lincoln, Ph.D. (Psychology)
  • Idaho State University, B.S., M.S. (Experimental Psychology)
  • Employment and Positions Held at Cleveland State University:
  • Previous Interim Director School of Health Sciences
  • Previous Interim Director, School of Social Work
  • Previous Associate Dean (for faculty), College of Science
  • Interim Chair, Department of Speech and Hearing, 2005-2006
  • Interim Chair, Department of Health Sciences, 2003 to 2006
  • Chairperson, Department of Psychology, 1988 to 1995

Peer Reviewed Publications (select recent):

  • Rosman, J., Slane, S., Dery, B., Vogelbaum, M., Cohen-Gadol, A., & Couldwell, W. (2013). Is there a shortage of neurosurgeons in the United States? Neurosurgery 73(2), 354-366.
  • Sikand, K., Slane, S., & Shukla, G. (2009). Intrinsic expression of host genes and introns miRNAs in prostate carcinoma cells. Cancer Cell International, 9: 21.
  • Rakos, R., Steyer, K., Skala, S., & Slane, S. (2008). Belief in free will: Measurement and conceptualization innovations. Behavior & Social Issues, 17, 22-30.

Benjamin Wallace

Professor Emeritus   
Department of Psychology

Areas of Interest/Specialization:
Perception, Psychology of Consciousness


  • Ph.D., Experimental Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, OH, 1972
  • M.A., Experimental Psychology, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, 1969
  • B.A., Psychology, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, 1964

Years at Cleveland State University:  1978-2013   

Selected and Most Cited Publications:

  • Redding, G. M., Rossetti, Y., & Wallace, B. (2005).  Applications of prism adaptation:  A tutorial in theory and method.  Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29, 431-444.
  • Redding, G. M., & Wallace, B.  (1996).  Adaptive spatial alignment and strategic perceptual-motor control.  Journal of Experimental Psychology:  Human Perception and Performance, 22, 379-394.
  • Redding, G.M., & Wallace, B.  (2006).  Prism adaptation and unilateral neglect:  Review and analysis.  Neuropsychologia, 44, 1-20.
  • Redding, G.M., & Wallace, B.  (2013).  Adaptive spatial alignment.  Psychology Press.
  • Wallace, B., Oswald, B.B., & Fisher, L.E. (2011).  Consciousness and behavior (5th Edition).  Kendall Hunt.